Real Estate Triggered Recession

Economist
Fred Foldvary

Real estate crashes have led to recessions in the U.S. economy the majority of times major recessions or economic depressions have developed since the early 1800’s.

In California, Santa Clara University economist Fred Foldvary may have been the first to predict a recession for 2008 back in 1997. “Macroeconomists are not always familiar with the real estate literature,” Foldvary said, “and I wanted to use it to come up with a better explanation for the causes of business downturns.”

Not all recessions are real estate related, but the majority of real estate busts start most recessions. There have been six economic depressions in the U.S. since 1837.

Foldvary made the prediction in a paper called “The Real Estate Cycle and the Depression of 2008,” published in the journal GroundSwell. He researched the studies of real estate economist Homer Hoyt, who identified an 18-year cycle of real estate in Chicago, and other historical trends to come up with his forecast.

Real estate values peak a year or two before a recession. A real estate boom and a growing overall economic boom proceed the recession. Real Estate depressions can be tracked every 16 to 20 years roughly since 1818, which indicates real estate slowdowns are a harbinger of things to come for the overall economy.

Real Estate CyclesPeaks in
Land Value Interval (Years)

Peaks in Land Value Interval (Years) Peaks in Construction Interval (Years) Depressions Interval (Years)
1818 1819
1836 18 1836 1837 18
1854 18 1856 20 1857 20
1872 18 1871 15 1873 16
1890 18 1892 21 1893 20
1907 17 1909 17 1918 25
1925 18 1925 16 1929 11
1973 48 1972 47 1973 44
1979 6 1978 6 1980 7
1989 10 1986 8 1990 10
2006 17 2006 20 2008 18

* Note: Table Summary by Fred Foldvary, Economist, Santa Clara University

It is Foldvary’s belief that it is land inflation not other real estate appreciation, and the primary belief in society that inflation or price increases will continue that causes a land grab sort of mania to develop.

Isaac Newton, who may be the greatest genius in history, invested in the real estate bubble of the early 1700s, selling at a large profit. But when prices continued to rise he bought back in and suffered a large loss when the bubble turned to panic. Disgusted with himself as a result, Newton wrote, “I can calculate the motions of the heavenly bodies, but not the madness of people.”

“Mortgages are paid from wages and profits, so eventually real estate prices stop rising,” wrote Foldvary. “When that happens sales volume drops. New construction is dampened. The demand for furniture, appliances and office equipment goes down and unemployment and interest rates rise, and a recession is around the corner.”

Foldvary expects this recession or economic depression, if it in fact turns into one to be particularly hard hitting because the growth of the secondary loan market, fraud and Wall Street manipulations made this boom bigger.

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